Mapping the Glass Ceiling: EU regions where women thrive and where they are held back
In which regions of the EU are women most successful and where they are most disadvantaged? The EU’s Regional Gender Equality Observatory is the first to capture aspects of gender equality at regional level for almost all NUTS2 regions in the EU.
EU Social Progress Index
The EU Social Progress Index (EU-SPI) is a measure of societal development and quality of life at regional level that goes beyond gross domestic product. The index measures social progress in European regions, at NUTS2 level, using twelve components described by a total number of fifty-five comparable social and environmental indicators, deliberately excluding economic aspects. Its components are then aggregated into three larger dimensions describing respectively the fundamental, intermediate and more sophisticated aspects of social progress.
Quality of life in European cities 2020
Which city is the cleanest or the safest? In which city is it easy to find a job or a house? Which city has the best public transport or the best air quality? The Quality of Life in European Cities 2020 report summarizes the results of the 5th survey, carried out in 2019, among 83 European cities.
Report on the quality of life in European cities
Interactive map and graph
Redux of the convergence of EU regions
The 2008 economic crisis had a profound impact on economic and social cohesion in the EU and growing disparities are now frequently cited as one of the main causes of the current lack of popular support for the Union building project. European.
Working document: Convergence of EU regions redux
Measuring urban accessibility for low carbon modes
Good urban public transport can reduce congestion, air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. It can improve a city’s quality of life and strengthen its economy. This map measures access to public transport for many European cities using the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals indicator. The map is accompanied by fact sheets on cities which report its various indicators and compare them to other cities.
Measure urban accessibility for low carbon modes.
Towards a name for each city
The European system of urban / rural territorial classifications is based on basic types of 1 km² mesh clusters. By definition, these clusters are independent of any existing administrative unit. This is an important asset because it avoids distortions due to historical, administrative and / or political factors. However, when analyzing indicators at the level of individual grid-based clusters, it is very useful to be able to name the clusters. High density clusters (or urban centers) represent large cities, each with a population of at least 50,000. There are more than 800 urban centers in Europe. Most of them can be associated with a particular local administrative unit. This means that it was quite simple to assign a name to each of the city centers based on the grid.
The class of urban clusters (moderate density clusters) includes suburbs and cities. While suburbs can be associated with urban centers, grid towns do not have a priori name. However, providing names to these units can be useful to facilitate their referencing. Therefore, the challenge is to provide (unique) names for more than 9000 cities across Europe.
Towards a name for each city.
European regional competitiveness index
Regional competitiveness is the ability of a region to offer an attractive and sustainable environment for businesses and residents to live and work. Launched in 2010 and published every three years, the Regional Competitiveness Index (RCI) enables regions to monitor and assess their development over time and in comparison with other regions.
Road transport performance in Europe
In Europe, governments invest 100 billion euros each year in transport to provide individuals and businesses with better access. Accessibility indicators can be used to capture the benefits of these investments, for example by measuring the number of destinations that can be reached. In this sense, they represent a significant improvement over indicators such as speed, capacity or congestion. However, they are rarely used in decision making. In addition, accessibility indicators often reflect primarily the spatial distribution of destinations rather than the performance of transport networks.
Population at risk of poverty
Given the marked territorial dimension of the at-risk-of-poverty rates, the indicators at the national level mask significant differences. Poverty reduction policies could benefit from a more detailed geographical breakdown of the current situation and the main determinants. This is why the European Commission has produced a more detailed poverty map in cooperation with ESPON and the World Bank.
The at-risk-of-poverty rate is a relative measure of poverty. The poverty line is set at the national level: a person with a given income level may be considered at risk of poverty in one country and not at risk in another country where income levels are generally lower.
Road accessibility in border regions
Cross-border interactions within the European Union (EU) always face more obstacles than interactions within national borders. Road accessibility may be just one of these barriers, but adequate transport infrastructure is needed to provide access to the opportunities. To help improve cross-border cooperation, we assess road transport infrastructure in border regions.
Working document: Road accessibility in border regions – Interactive map
The geography of EU discontent
Over the past decade, political parties opposed to European integration have almost doubled their votes. General opinion of the EU has also deteriorated, revealing a growing number of people who are suspicious of the Union. For the first time, it maps the vote against European integration in the last national elections in more than 63,000 constituencies in each of the EU Member States.
Discussion paper: The geography of EU discontent – Interactive map
Typology of public transport frequencies
Fast and frequent public transport has a big impact on urban economies. It can expand labor markets, provide more opportunities and better accessibility. These advantages are also reflected in the real estate market with (much) higher prices for homes and offices near metro stations and very accessible locations.
Working document: Measuring access to public transport in European cities – Interactive map
European government quality index
The European Government Quality Index (EQI), developed by the Government Quality Institute of the University of Gothenburg, measures institutional quality at regional level in the European Union.
European government quality index.
Degree of urbanization
The urbanization degree typology classifies all local authorities (municipalities) into (1) towns, (2) towns and suburbs and (3) rural areas. A wide range of indicators is produced by Eurostat using this classification. The interactive map allows you to check the classification from any location in the EU.
Discussion Paper: A Harmonized Definition of Cities and Rural Areas: The New Degree of Urbanization – Interactive Map.
In the Commission’s seventh report on economic, social and territorial cohesion, a series of maps show how European regions stack up against each other in a wide range of areas: economy, social development, environment, transport, health, education, research and development.
EU regional funding 2021-2027
Eligibility for the investment objective for jobs and growth (ERDF and ESF), 2021-2027
EU regional funding 2014-2020
Eligibility for Structural Funds 2014-2020 (ERDF and ESF)
EU regional funding 2007-2013
Regions eligible for convergence and regional competitiveness objectives
EU regional funding: history
Eligibility for Structural Funds 1989-2020
Watch this short clip to see how the regions eligible for EU regional funding have evolved over the period 1989-2020.